In order to delve deeper into your study of what it means to make shelter, and to familiarize yourself with the basic drawing conventions architects use to clarify their own ideas and clearly convey them to others, this assignment will allow you to look closely at a collection of significant precedents by retracing the steps of their authors.
Precedents for Further Study:
Barcelona Pavilion (Barcelona, Spain / Mies van der Rohe / 1929)
Trenton Bath House (Ewing Township, New Jersey / Louis Kahn / 1955)
Urban Podium (Rotterdam, Netherlands / Atelier KempeThill / 2009)
PINC Pavilion (Porto, Portugal / Clinica de Arquitectura / 2012)
Webb Chapel Park Pavilion (Dallas, Texas / Cooper Joseph Studio / 2012)
Vieux Port Pavilion (Marseille, France / Foster + Partners / 2013)
Part 1: Plan and Section
- Using an online search, gather plan, section and photographic documentation of one or more of the precedents listed above.
- Study your collected materials, and consider the following questions:
- Where is the building sited (i.e. rural, urban, suburban or other context)?
- What function or purpose does the building serve (i.e. what is its programmatic function)?
- What materials or elements does the building employ to convey its function?
- Using the documentation provided (plan, section/elevation, and photographs), draw the plan and section of your selected precedent to a known scale (1/4” =1’-0” or 1/8” = 1’-0”, depending on the scale of the building selected). To determine appropriate scale, do a rough calculation of the pavilions length and width, and figure out what will fit on an 11×17” sheet of paper.
- Each drawing should be formatted on 11×17 (white or trace) paperwith black ink, taking into consideration lineweights and composition on the page.You may rough out your drawing in pencil before drawing with pen, or you may find you need to produce multiple drafts before producing a well-crafted, legible drawing.
Part 2: Model
- Using the drawings you produced in Part 1 as your ‘construction drawings,’ build a model of your precedent to scale (select a scale one smaller than your drawing, so either 1/8” = 1’-0”or 1/16” = 1’-0”).
- All models should be constructed in the following simple materials palette:
- White 1/8” foam core
- Elmer’s or Sobo glue (used sparingly)